Skip to main content

Historic sexual offences

We must decide on the best way to use limited police resources


The police have a lot of work to do and ever fewer police officers to do that work. Priorities are therefore a must.

If I were a senior police officer, I would want to be setting priorities to focus on dealing with situations and offences that can help people who are currently suffering and finding offenders where there’s actually a prospect of a conviction following.

By and large I’m sure this is what the police do. But, they also prioritise historic sexual offences. I can understand why they would prioritise sexual offences, recent ones and cases where abuse is ongoing, but when it comes to historic allegations I am at a bit of a loss.

Obviously, the victims of these offences may still be suffering today. That’s terrible. But, when an offence took place decades ago you have to wonder at the urgency. Take the case I read about from Cambornetoday. A woman says she was sexually assaulted by a man when she was a child. The offence appears to have taken place sometime between 1974 and 1978, at the time the report was made that is between 42 and 38 years ago. The suspect was a lorry driver in his 30s or 40s at the time, so will now be anywhere between 68 and 91 years old. He had short hair at the time, we don’t know what colour the hair was then and have even less idea what colour it is now, if he even has any. He was of large build then with a fat face but may not be large now; indeed, he may be nothing more than bones or ashes for all we know.

We do not know how old the victim was at the time but given the report gives us a four-year period you have to think that if she wasn’t old enough to pin down her own age (and thus the year of the attack) then was she old enough for her account generally and description specifically to be reliable? If you’re not sure what I mean, go and ask a few young kids how old a 30something is – my nephew amusing estimated that a 50-year-old was in high 80s the other day and my nephew’s in his mid-teens! My son has no idea how old anybody is. From my point of view everybody looks younger and younger every day.

We can assume that the attacker is not known to the victim else we would expect a name to accompany the very vague description.

So, what are the chances of the police finding the attacker who is now aged between 68 and 91 years, is of unknown height. He may be fat but then again might be thin. We don’t know if he’s black, white or blue and have no clues whether the police should be searching lorry yards or graveyards.

Let’s say they find somebody. How can the victim’s identification ever be reliable? He will have changed so much in the past four-decades that he’s unlikely to be recognisable. The police could show her a picture of their suspect from the time but this raises question about the reliability of the identification and you’d hope a court would not allow such evidence to go before a jury – though I wouldn’t put it past many judges.

Assuming the suspect is innocent, what can he say? He can say, “it wasn’t me” but how can he ever prove that? I know that it is for the prosecution to prove their case not the defendant but for those of us in the real world it does help to at least try and show that you’re not guilty in most cases. What are the chances that any suspect will have a diary from the 1970s to hand showing where he was each day? He may have been elsewhere but all we know is that an attack took place sometime in the mid to late 1970s – how can you ever provide an alibi for that?

These cases have enormous problems for the police in identifying and then locating an offender. If they are able to name somebody there are big problems for the prosecution and the suspect. Neither party can provide any real evidence one way or another.

I acted in an historic rape case years ago. Many of the allegations were so absurd that the prosecution dropped half of them before trial. The remaining charges were essentially, “D committed indecent assault/rape on V between 1980 and 1990”. Impossible for the prosecution to prove or for the defendant to disprove. But the poor jury are left in the middle asking themselves whether there really is no smoke without a fire. In that case, they acquitted of all the rapes and all but one of the identical sexual assault charges. They convicted on the very last count despite all the evidence being identical for that charge as for all the others. There was a definite feeling they did it just in case.


In times of significant cuts to police levels and resources it is fair to ask what cases should be prioritised. Today the Times is reporting that the child abuse inquiry by Dame Justice Lowell Goddard has already cost £18 million despite not having taken evidence from a single witness in the year it has been ongoing. Clear the investigation into this offence will not cost so much but it is going to divert resources away from offences that are currently happening. I’m not convinced that’s a good use of police time.

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Ched Evans

Before I begin, I will say that at around 4,500 words this is probably the longest blog I’ve ever posted but I think it’s all necessary to set the scene for this case and explain the background that has been largely ignored or airbrushed in the press. Despite its length, I have not attempted to include every little detail of either fact or law but have done my best to provide a balanced picture of the Ched Evans case, what happened and why the courts reached the decisions they did. There has been so much written about the Ched Evans case over the past weekend, much of it based on a very shaky grasp of the facts and law, that I decided I would read up about the case and weigh in (hopefully on a slightly firmer footing than most of the articles I’ve read so far).

Broadly speaking there seem to be three groups who have opinions on the case:
1.Sexual violence groups (including people describing themselves as “radical feminists”) who appear to take the view that the case is awful, the Court o…

How do the police decide whether to charge a suspect?

A question I’m often asked by clients (and in a roundabout way by people arriving at this blog using searches that ask the question in a variety of ways), is “how do the police decide whether to charge or take no further action (NFA)?”
What are the options?
Let’s have a quick think about what options are available to the police at the end of an investigation.
First, they can charge or report you for summons to attend court.  Charging means that you are given police bail and are required to attend court in person.  A summons is an order from the court for you to attend or for you to send a solicitor on your behalf.  In many cases where a person is summonsed, the court will allow you the option of entering a plea by post.
Second, you may be given a caution.  These can be a simple caution, which on the face of it is a warning not to be naughty in future, or it can be a conditional caution.  Conditions could include a requirement to pay for the cost of damage or compensation, etc.  Either…

Bid to prevent defendants knowing who accuses them of a crime

When I read The Trial by Kafka and Nineteen Eighty-Four by Orwell, I took them as warnings of how a bad justice system wrecks lives of those caught up in it. Sadly, some Members of Parliament and the House of Lords seem to view the books more as a guide to how they would like our Criminal Justice System to run. Today, I read of plans to hide the names of accusers and witnesses from defendants in a large number of cases. Victims of sexual offences, such as rape, have had the right to lifelong anonymity for many years now. This means that it is a criminal offence to publish information that will lead to a complainant being identified. A Bill currently being considered by Parliament would extend that anonymity to bar defendants and their lawyers knowing the name of the person accusing them. This would apply not only in sexual offences, as has been reported in the press, but also in violent offences.
The anonymity currently offered to victims of sexual offences is not total, the complainant…